6 States of Australia


There are six states in Australia: New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, Tasmania, Western Australia, and South Australia.

The Northern Territory is not considered a state as it does not have enough population as well as is under the jurisdiction of the Australian federal government. The remainder of Australia’s states is divided into smaller administrative regions that vary from one state to another.

New South Wales

A view of a snow covered mountain

New South Wales is Australia’s most populous state. The capital of New South Wales, which is also its largest city, Sydney, offers countless attractions for residents and visitors. Visitors come to see the famous Opera House and Harbour Bridge while residents enjoy recreational activities such as swimming on pristine beaches or enjoying the nightlife that Sydney has to offer. The Greater Blue Mountains Area includes the UNESCO World Heritage-listed Blue Mountains, National Park.


A man with a mountain in the desert

Victoria, situated in southeast Australia, stretches from the temperate south to the subarctic north. With its unique mix of mountains, beaches, national parks, and cosmopolitan cities to choose from, visitors are sure to have a memorable visit. Melbourne is the capital city of Victoria as well as being Australia’s second-largest city. it is popular with tourists and residents alike for its wineries, Yarra Valley, Great Ocean Road, and Phillip Island.


Queensland, rather unsurprisingly given its name, is located in the northeastern part of Australia where Queenslanders enjoy the sunshine and sandy beaches the most. Popular tourist destinations such as Cairns, Hamilton Island, and Port Douglas offer a wide variety of accommodations and activities such as scuba diving, parasailing, and fishing.


Tasmania is Australia’s smallest state by area and population as well as being known for its diverse and unspoiled landscape. Tasmania is an island with mountainous areas to the east and lowlands to the west, making it perfect for tourists who enjoy sightseeing in national parks and wildlife watching. Visitors can choose from activities such as bushwalking, mountain climbing, kayaking, and golfing.

Western Australia

Geographically one of the largest states in Australia, Western Australia is known for its beautiful weather and friendly people. Perth is the capital of this state as well as being the most isolated city in Australia—the next closest city to Perth is Adelaide, South Australia on the opposite side of the country.

Perth is most famous for Rottnest Island, a nature reserve with abundant wildlife and clear waters to snorkel. Finally, there are plenty of opportunities to mine natural resources in Western Australia.

South Australia

Last but not least, South Australia is known for its wine country in the Barossa Valley as well as Kangaroo Island off the coast. Adelaide is the capital as well as the fifth-largest city in Australia and is home to many museums, art galleries, theaters, and parks such as the Chinese Garden of Friendship and Botanic Gardens. Popular places to visit include Manly Beach, First Fleet Park, Australian Museum, Sydney Opera House, Yarra Valley Wineries, Great Ocean Road, Phillip Island Nature Reserve, etc. From the Adelaide Hills to the Outback, South Australia has something for everyone. Popular activities in this state such as walking, hiking, and playing golf.

Like many countries around the world, Australia is a diverse nation with something for everyone. Tourists and residents alike can explore the different regions of this country from one state to another—each has its unique characteristics and offers something special. From Sydney’s beaches or Melbourne’s wineries to Queensland’s sunny weather or Tasmania’s wildlife watching opportunities, there will be plenty of things to do during your visit. For those looking for an authentic Australian experience, make sure you choose the accommodation that reflects the area you’ll be visiting as well as what activities interest you most!

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