George Washington was the first President of the USA. He was born on February 22, 1732, in Westmoreland County, Virginia to a family of eight children. As a youth, he displayed great promise as a surveyor and map maker. At age 20 George joined the British military as an officer and fought against the French and their Native American allies in the French and Indian War. In 1759, Washington married Martha Dandridge Custis, a wealthy widow with two children. The couple had no children together but Martha’s children from her first marriage, John Parke Custis and Patsy Custis, were raised as George’s own.
Washington As A Revolutionary War Leader
Washington’s military experience in the French and Indian War led to his selection as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army when the Revolution began in 1775. He successfully fought the British despite being outmanned and out-financed, culminating in victory at the Battle of Yorktown in 1781, effectively ending the war.
The First President
Washington was unanimously elected as the nation’s first president in 1789 and served two terms. His years in office were marked by relative political stability and by economic growth. He also set precedents for the power of the presidency, including the use of executive privilege
Legacy of George Washington
Washington’s standing as a hero of the Revolution and the first president gave rise to an image of him as the “father of his country.” This characterization has been both lauded and criticized, but Washington’s legacy is nonetheless an important part of American history.
Washington was a strong leader and a skilled administrator. He set many precedents for the presidency, including that the President must be a natural-born citizen of the United States. He also established the principle of civilian control of the military. Washington was greatly admired during his lifetime and is considered to be one of the most important Founding Fathers of the United States. He has been honored with many places and things named after him, including the capital city of Washington, D.C., and the state of Washington.
Cabinet of President of USA George Washington
The Cabinet of President George Washington was the formal body composed of the principal officers of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States from 1789 to 1793 when Washington served as the first president.
Washington organized his cabinet by appointing four members to what is now known as the “Department of State”: Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, Edmund Randolph, and Henry Knox. Jefferson resigned in 1793, leaving Hamilton and Randolph as the only members of the cabinet by the end of Washington’s first term. Washington’s second term saw two more resignations: Randolph in 1795 and Knox in 1794. In addition to these four original members, three other men served as secretaries during Washington’s presidency: Timothy Pickering, who succeeded Randolph as secretary of state; Oliver Wolcott, Jr., who succeeded Knox as secretary of war; and Edmund Jennings Randolph, who served as attorney general.
Washington was the only first president of the USA to have a Cabinet that did not include a single Southerner. This was in part since Washington’s cabinet appointments were largely determined by his dealings with the Treasury and War Departments, which were located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and New York City, New York respectively. Furthermore, most of the early leaders of the government were from the Northern states, as Southern states had only recently been admitted to the Union. The one exception was Edmund Jennings Randolph, who served as attorney general and was from Virginia.
Washington Declared Neutrality in The French Revolution
Washington was one of the earliest opponents of the French Revolution and advocated for American neutrality in the conflict between France and Great Britain. He believed that taking sides in the conflict would place the United States in a precarious position and could lead to war with both France and Great Britain. Washington’s stance on neutrality was controversial at the time, but it ultimately helped to preserve the nation’s neutrality during the conflict.
Washington Refused To Run For a Third Term
When Washington was elected the first president of the USA, he had no intention of serving more than one term. He believed that two terms were sufficient for any one person to serve and that it would help to prevent the rise of an American monarchy. When he was re-elected in 1792, Washington again refused to run for a third term. This time, however, he was pressured to change his mind by Alexander Hamilton and other members of his cabinet. Washington ultimately relented and ran for a third term, but he made it clear that he would not serve more than three terms total.
Washington’s Farewell Address
In 1796, Washington delivered his Farewell Address to the American people. In this address, Washington warned against the dangers of political parties and foreign alliances. He also urged the American people to maintain their unity and to place their trust in the government. The Farewell Address is considered to be one of the most important documents in American history.
Washington retired from public office in 1797 and returned to his plantation, Mount Vernon. There he tended to his crops and livestock, entertained guests, and participated in local civic affairs. In 1800, Washington was again unanimously elected by the Electoral College as president of the United States but declined the office due to poor health. He died at Mount Vernon on December 14, 1799.